Fethiye History

Fethiye; The first settlement in the region was Telmessos, which is believed to have been founded in the 5th century BC and was one of the most important cities of Lycia, bordering the lands of Caria. According to the founding legend of Telmessos, the God Apollo fell in love with the daughter of Agenor the King of Fethiye. Apollo managed to become intimate with the shy maiden by disguising itself as a dog, and they eventually got married. Apollo named their son Telmessos and founded the city of the same name. During the Roman and Byzantine preiods the city attained a high level of culture, and it also served as a centre of prophesy dedicated to Apollo mostly because of an oracle from Telmessos who interpreted a dream of Alexander the Great that he had experienced during the investment of Halicarnassus (334-333 BC), and saved him from the treachery of one of his men. Afterwards he accompanied Alexander in all military campaigns. The city was attached to the Kingdom of Pergamum by the Romans in 189 BC, and in 133 BC it joined the Lycian Federation. In honouring the Byzantine Emperor Anastasios II, the city’s name was changed to Anastasiopolis in the 8th century. In 1284 it was taken over by Menteşeoğulları Principality, and in 1424 it was incorporated into the realm of Ottoman Empire and renamed as Meğri. It present name was given to the city in 1934 following the death of pilot Fethi Bey.

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